Farmer portraits >
Farmers are an essential part of the project, acting as an active source of knowledge about the soil and its history. Learn more and browse our collection of farmer portraits here.
The Tilewall is based on the methodical collection of clay deposits from each farm plot in the Noordoostpolder region of the Netherlands. The map corresponds to the structure of the region and acts as a visual translation of the material content of the land. At the invitation of Jurgen Bey and Rianne Makkink, Nadine and Lonny worked with Noordoostpolder farmers for a full year, digging on their land, participating in their work, and gathering material. Each tile corresponds to a farmer's field and its regional plot number. The Tilewall is a physical archive of the various types of earth found on each of these farms. The search for clay and understanding bonded them with the material itself - and with the owners of the land in this unique region reclaimed from the sea.
Lonny and Nadine used to buy their clay in a shop like everyone else. They didn't think much about its origins. Then one day, when Lonny was volunteering at the Allpa artisans' collective in Peru, an epiphany occurred . In her own words, "There, artists don't buy their clay, they dig it out of the ground, prepare it, dance on it to remove the air bubbles. This is the first time I saw where clay actually comes from – and it was life changing." On a later trip to Brazil, Lonny and Nadine discovered a self-sustaining Japanese community that was making their own pots and growing their own vegetables. Originally, the two were determined to return for their graduation project. But a professor at the Design Academy in Eindhoven encouraged them to continue their explorations closer to home: in the Netherlands. "So we traveled around the country, collecting dirt, with no idea what we'd find," remembers Lonny. "It was like digging for gold." During their initial explorations within the Netherlands, Lonny and Nadine identified 14 distinct geological regions and fashioned cups and saucers from each. Each time, opening the kiln was like opening a present, revealing colors and textures from all over Holland. The quality of each piece varied depending on the mineral composition of the soil. Soon after graduation and the completion of the project, Lonny and Nadine set up their own studio in Eindhoven. They were soon approached by designers Jurgen Bey and Rianne Makkink with an invitation to expand their soil project. Bey and Makkink had just established an artist-in-residency program at their farm in the Noordoostpolder. Thus they provided the perfect space and opportunity for Atelier NL to hone its research and methodology on Dutch soil.
"We traveled around the country, collecting dirt, with no idea what we'd find. It was like digging for gold."
The Noordoostpolder is an extraordinary area in the center of Holland. It is only 67 years old and was originally designed as a agricultural utopia. Before the area was drained during World War II, it was entirely covered by the sea. To realize a new vision of agriculture, a design was developed to systematically fill the reclaimed area with farming businesses. Thus the land was meticulously divided into plots measuring 24 acres each, or 300 by 800 meters - all neatly cataloged and numbered. This was the perfect place for Atelier NL to continue its research into regional soils and the links between crops, earth and clay. When only five farmers responded to their original newspaper ad requesting a packet of dirt in exchange for a tile made from clay, they came up with a new strategy. The duo started driving around with buckets and shovels, approaching farmhouses with their graduation project in hand. According to Nadine, "The farmers were skeptical that we would be able to make anything from their earth. They were like, 'Good luck, ladies!' But they were also very kind, offering us coffee, driving us around on their tractors, and sharing information about the land."
Lonny and Nadine quickly learned that crops were matched carefully with the soil composition. Fruit - pears, apples, strawberries, tomatoes – is typically grown in the southeastern part of the polder. The sandy, chalk-rich earth in the northeast and northwest is better for grazing cattle and growing tulips and onions. The heavier middle soil, endowed with iron oxide, supports potatoes, carrots, beets and other root vegetables - and turns a deep orange when fired. Trees grow well in clay-dense soil, which yeilds a deep red. Using a map of the plots along with a geological soil map, the duo selected some 80 farms. "It took us a whole summer to collect the dirt," recalls Lonny. "Friends would ask, 'Didn't you do this dirt thing already?' But we were really happy. Before, I was not too aware of the seasons, but they helped to shape our work. Summer was for going through the fields, collecting samples, learning the history. Winter was for working indoors with the clay and shaping the project. It's given us a different perspective on time."
"Summer was for going through the field, collecting samples, and learning the history. Winter was for working indoors with the clay and shaping the project. It's given us a different perspective on time."
Bucket after bucket of soil was collected from each parcel of land visited. After an initial sifting into course powder, they dried and sifted it several more times more and removed any roots, twigs, or shells that could cause cracking. After cleaning and remixing each unique soil, a tile was created to represent each farm. The clay machine aided this process, somewhat automating the transformation. As a collection, these tiles form a map of the entire region, based on the earth itself. The arrangement of otherwise identical tiles brings the unique qualities of earth from each plot into colorful contrast.
"The more one zooms in on a small part of a small country, the more one becomes aware of just how richly varied the earth is in both its historical and geological traces."